My shelf of mystery fiction anthologies each containing a Sherlock Holmes story isn't a large one, but it could be. Surely Holmes -- among all his other distinctions -- is the most anthologized detective in fiction!
The first reason for this is the obvious one -- if you want to create a great anthology, include the greatest sleuth.
But there's another reason as well. Most anthologies are built around a theme. With 56 stories to choose from, it's not hard to find a Holmes story to fit any given theme, whether it be animals or spies. Here are some examples from my library, and which Holmes story was used:
- English Country House Murders, edited by Thomas Godfrey -- "The Adventure of the Abbey Grange."
- Murder Most Merry, edited by Abigail Browning -- "The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle."
- World's Greatest Spy Stories, edited by Vincent Starrett -- "The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans."
- Tantalizing Locked Room Mysteries, edited by Isaac Asimov, Charles G. Waugh, and Martin Harry Greenberg -- "The Adventure of the Speckled Band."
- Murder British Style, edited by Martin H. Greenberg -- "Silver Blaze."